The evolution trend towards specialization in litigation or the criminal justice system leads to situations where prosecutors may focus on criminal issues rather than handling cases that involve crimes against people. Similarly, this form of specialization is evident when criminal defense attorneys choose to deal with testimonies that concern expert witness, while others handle appeal issues. This trend in criminal justice affairs evolves to exhibit the content change in society.

This implies that change is inevitable in the criminal justice system, and it affects all cases involved. Another factor that contributes to specialization in the criminal justice system is the presence of technology, which results in huge change. This change by technology further extends from affecting the criminal justice system to revealing the effects of the criminal world. Specialization evolves to reveal that technology and terrorism issues in criminal justice are in a continuous change. As a result of the evolution in such trends, the criminal justice system continuously handles major components of concern to satisfy society. The presence of specialization in the criminal justice system is to portray accountability by legislators in special duties they handle. The acceptance of accountability by legislators provides for the protection of society, especially when they deal with specific cases.

These trends in the specialization of cases assist in planning and handling community-oriented issues effectively, hence reducing incarceration and crime rates as compared to the past. The evolution of trends in criminal justice is in existence to enhance safety and equal treatment from courts to the public (Gould, 2008). Through specialization, the criminal justice system punishes the guilty and protects the innocent without violating rights to prevent injustices. It is also vital for the criminal justice system to evolve to handle the development of society by creating new laws to enhance modern trends (Wice, 2005).

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The need for specialization of trends in court litigation is to have the impact on various roles of the criminal justice system. For instance, this is evident when there is the change in capital punishment, sentencing policies, and technology, which affects the manner of conducting justice in courts. The aspect of handling various crimes separately further leads to transparency and enhances safety in society. The evolution of criminal justice affairs may be beneficial to one side or the other based on its impact on prosecutors, victims, and their advocates. For instance, evolution is beneficial to victims when the criminal justice system permits them to participate in court proceedings.

However, not all lawmakers and states support this idea and this implies that it is only legislators who benefit because they deny victims the right of participation in litigation. In many countries, evolution is beneficial to one side in that court officials deny victims the right to be present, informed, and give their views in the sentencing process. As a result, there is the escalation in crime rates, which subjects the majority of victims to the criminal justice system.

The only manner in which evolution can be beneficial in the criminal justice system is when policy makers review rights, policies, and procedures that affect victims in court proceedings. Adopting such policies in the evolution of the criminal justice system enables victims to benefit because of the new programs that meet the needs of criminals. This evolution is also beneficial as it leads to launching educational initiatives that impart knowledge to all professionals in the criminal justice agency. As a result of the evolution, professionals benefit by gaining knowledge in prosecution, law enforcement, and judicial probation. This has also a positive effect on the other side because it saves victims from devastating effects of crime and safeguards the community welfare.


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The present overall impact that evolution has had on the criminal justice system as opposed to the past 50, 25, and 10 years is the emergence of change, innovation, inequality, and brutality. In the past, victims and their advocates opposed the issue of inequality when they struggled to ensure that there was the increase in participation of criminals in the litigation process. On the contrary, in the present, many countries are responding to the issue of a victim’s equality at a slow rate when representing their matters in court. This is evident when lawmakers disagree on criminals’ equality in addressing their issues in the criminal justice system.

In the current criminal justice system, an individual is innocent until proven guilty, which implies that the suspect has to wait for the court’s decision to be cleared. This present system identifies, corrects, and applies the law without allowing the victim to participate in the proceedings. This further contradicts the manner in which the criminal justice system dealt with victims in the past, as the change in the system leads to brutality in handling criminals. In the past, the criminal justice system treated each criminal equally and protected their rights. The aspect of equality is hard to come across today because the criminal justice system treats criminals based on their race, ethnicity, and discriminate others (Sulmacy, 2009).

If given an opportunity, I would like to specialize in representing the defense side and be in a position to address the issue of inequality in the criminal justice system. I believe that when the criminal justice system allows criminals to participate in the proceedings, this will facilitate equal ruling. This will further create a positive impact which will protect society from crime by using the right procedure to identify suspects from guilty individuals, hence preventing injustices.

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