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History of Wireless Technology

Technology has been defined in various ways in the recent years. Homer and Hesiod of the ancient times defined technology as the spoken word of manual craft or cunning skill. It has in recent times been defined as the development of systematic techniques of dong or making things. It can also be defined as the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, especially in industry, information, telecommunication, and transport. The recent years have seen a tremendous development in the technological sector.

Among the important inventions that gave rise to technology is the invention of electricity. In 1660, the machine that was able to produce static electricity was invented by Otto Von Guericke. His invention was followed by a discovery by Robert Boyle in 1675. He discovered the ability of the electric force to be transmitted through a vacuum. Stephen Gray is credited for the conduction of electricity discovery in 1729. Benjamin Franklin, 1752, invented the lightning rod, hence demonstrating that lightning was electricity (Wicks & Kemerling, 2003).

Alessandro Volta, who proved that electricity could run through wires, invented the first electric battery in 1800. After him were several discoveries that followed. The discoveries were further continued by other discoveries that led to the invention of electricity. The discovery of electricity, in turn, led to the invention of today's technological devices. Most of the devices invented after the appearance of electricity depended on it. The invention of electricity was the beginning of other great discoveries that finally evolved into what is now referred to as wireless technology. Most of this technology relies fully or partly on electricity in one way or the other (Wicks & Kemerling, 2003).

The wireless technology dates back to the 1850's. The radio telegraph is the brain child of G. Marcon, although much is not told of how best he did the invention. The commonly known radio frequency relates to the use of electromagnetic radiation. The transmitter developed by Marcon propelled him to the world of recognition, as his first transmitter and receiver became the lime light for the development of wireless technology. Since then, radiotelegraph gave birth to voice transmissions first initiated in 1900 (Paulraj, 2011).

Marcon's invention of a short distance voice transmission in 1901 led to the appearance of mobile communication. The common demerit of this invention was the inability to allocate frequency conveniently to users, as such the early radio telegraphy lacked clarity. The growth of the radio telegraphy to the use of current frequency modulation, as well as the growth to use U-stream to allocate frequency on air waves, is a transition that needs great recognition. Most developing countries have seen the use of radiotelegraphy enhancing the growth of the information system (Natale, 2006).

Such economies depend on the transmission of information via the radio waves. Frequency modulation in such economies is essential, and development of barrier-free modulation is undertaking that such economies need to enforce, so as to enhance information flow. The use of radio waves and x-ray share the telepathy aspect. As such radioactivity and radio waves share the similarity. Thus, the development of the radio industry necessitates the development of related fields such nuclear energy as well as medicine (Natale, 2006).

The development of the mobile communication dates back to 1921 when the first one-way communication was initiated by the police department in Bayonne. This early invention faced a myriad of challenges. Such challenges were overcrowding. Frequency utilization was the key set back that contributed to blockage, thereby violating the trucking switching principle. This invention led to the discovery of devices that supported the mobile communication. The Germans established an A1 network in 1958. This network had a poor coverage and thus led to its development. By 1987, a third analogue network had been initiated in Germany. This was a major milestone as it could support 400,000 users. With German's approach on track, other countries had their own initiatives (Wicks & Kemerling, 2003).

By 1991, Switzerland had strongly developed a mobile communication device that saw the first short message service available in 1995. By 2004, SMS had become common. Over 500 billion of SMSs were being sent annually. With the growth of mobile communication, the development of the mobile phones experienced a huge growth. This has seen technology friendly phones, majorly supporting applications that were initially unavailable. For instance, the use of Wireless Application Protocols, Multimedia Messaging system, High-speed circuit switched and general packet radio services have been key development factors in the mobile communication (Malone III, 2004).

In the present world, a number of mobile communications are used. These include mobile phones, wireless tablets, PDAs and all other devices that can transmit communication via connection to mobile telecommunication networks. Mobile communication remains relevant even with other developments in the wireless technology. For instance, the use of mobile communication in payment of bills, the point of sales and even payment of fees in academic institutions is a step that will be embraced by generations to come owing to propensity that it has gained a discerning acceptability in the market (Britto, Kumar, & Rabara, 2012).

From the error of frequency interference that characterized poor networks to world's clear signal and use of non-voice services has since then seen the growth of the mobile communication. An aging description denotes to the period of scarce mobile phones that saw little gadgets on the market which were very expensive. Today, practically more than 70% of households own or can access mobile communication services. Since then, mobile communication has become an integral part of human development. The success of the mobile communication depends on the development of a number of devices such as satellite dishes, erection of service provider frequency mast and related communication gadgets. In addition to the voice services, text services, graphics, video conferences and movie downloading has been an integral development in the mobile communication (Britto, Kumar, & Rabara, 2012).

Mobile phone communication has consequently resulted in the development of the e-commerce. In particular, M-Payment, M-Banking, and others have been an essential development in the economy. It will be an understatement not to highlight the high potential growth in an economy that embraces the Mobile development packages. Mobile communication is still developing and more applications are being invented. Mobile phone manufacturing companies have the greatest challenge of meeting the customers' needs. The use of better technology is essential and since then has seen mobile phone service providers moving their service provision platform from 1G towards 4G. This will see better services coupled by efficiency and multifunctionality of the mobile communication (Britto, Kumar, & Rabara, 2012).

The rise of mobile commerce has had a positive impact on the development of mobile communication. Most notably is the use of mobile phones in finance. Public sector accounting has been positively developed by the use of mobile communication. The applications are developed to help government especially in revenue collection, debt recovery, banking, security mobilization and provision of emergency services like asset tracking, protection of theft of vehicles, telemetric services and navigation services. Applications such as electronic bills payments via mobile communication have led to the development of service sector like air ticketing and reservations. The era of ubiquitous computing has been ushered by the growth of the mobile communication. National security and intelligence unit can monitor state security by using mobile phone technology for tracking communication as well as registration of the IMEI of phones being used in the system (Britto, Kumar, & Rabara, 2012).

VOIP (voice over internet protocol) telephony has been a key trend in connecting offices. This increases efficiency and reduces the cost of business operation. The VOIP telephones have gained acceptance in the market as a result of the development of highly featured phones like the Polycom conference phones that has high definition voice technology and resist interference from mobile phones as well as other wireless devices. This enables the Polycom phone to deliver clear voice conference without distractions. To the contrary, despite the acceptance in the market, VOIP has not replaced regular phones. Its key functionality is more acceptable in business than in consumer services. Since it requires the use of Internet, the wireless technology is highly employed and it may necessitate cheaper options for rational consumers. However, specific industries like telecommunication care centre use VOIP more than any other mobile communication in its operation. VOIP enables the business to go global, thereby embracing the digital global village the world is. VOIP makes doing business with the rest of the world an easy adventure (Natale, 2006).

Wireless technology remains to be the best solution in securing a state. For instance, special rescue initiated during the September 11 attack in the U.S. made use of the wireless technology and thus saved lives in the rescue operation. Moreover, launching a successful attack and emergency response can efficiently use the wireless technology to brace up an economy. In all situations, the use of CDMA-code division multiplication access, ANI (automated number identification), advanced mobile phone service and the global system of mobile communication play a key role in the development of the mobile communication and the wireless technology at large (Malone III, 2004).

Good use of the mobile communication results to efficient provision of leadership and responsible assessment, mobilisation, and coordination of entities and process that depend on the mobile phone communication. As much as the mobile technology has been embraced and advancing, there is a need for economies to develop learning and teaching strategy on the demerits and dangers that may arise as a result of use of this technology. Terrorism is one of the vices that may be associated with the use of technology. Hence, countrymen need to know the probability of perpetration of crime through the mobile communication and the wireless technology at large (Malone III, 2004).

The invention of the mobile has massively contributed to the spread of the wireless technology. The mobile communication has led to the development of the wireless network. Wireless network dates to 1983 when the first 1G phone was developed. This was an invention in the US, where analogue frequency modulations were used to develop. The growth from 1G to 3G on wide band CDMA was accelerated in 2006 (Natale, 2006).

There is a need to transition to 4G by the use of HSPA. The growth of mobile communication has seen the growth of mobile phones use connecting to the local area network. This emphasizes the use of Ethernet protocols for path sharing. The WLAN has also prompted the development of the computer technology that has seen the sharing of information wirelessly by the use of radio waves. The communication device is not restricted to the personal computer, but laptops, iPods and even mobile phones are increasingly getting the acceptability of using the technology to share information. The growth of the wireless LAN has seen the use of television sets as monitors, and wireless routers and switches used to enhance the growth of the wireless technology (Natale, 2006).

It is worth noting that the business world has promptly aided in the development of the wireless technology. The use of social media as a medium of interaction and business undertaking has seen a larger use of the wireless technology virtually in every undertaking. The use of Bluetooth on most devices has enhanced the development of the wireless network. A number of wireless devices have been introduced in the market to enhance wireless communication. For instance, gadgets like the keyboard, the mouse and wireless chargers. Moreover, Bluetooth devices such as the headset, mobile phones, iPads and laptops have penetrated the present market and gained a higher acceptability in the youthful population more than ever (Natale, 2006).

Although such devices have merits and demerits, the impact caused to the environment results to a little analysis of the side effects of using them. The future of any society is in the use of technology. The efficiency, effectiveness and desired productivity of an economy depends on how best it will empower her people to embrace technology and brace up to the current and probable changes in the information technology field. With the increased use of wireless devices, satellite dishes are modified to make the digital world an interesting field for scholars. The connections of earlier prompted larger dishes are seemingly being reduced to wireless devices and Bluetooth links, highly penetrating the information technology sphere (Natale, 2006).

To conclude, the evolution of wireless technology is seemingly unending. Technology changes daily and innovations are a lifestyle. The human beings live to desire more sophisticated devices that have prompted creative and innovative personalities in the information and technology. Consequently, the development of new devices that tend to meet the human desires is progressing. To enable the growth of information technology, wireless technology is the future of innovations. Applications are developed on daily basis to satisfy human desires. This has seen growth and development of information technology from the paper to paperless and communication from the wire to wireless. This aims at increasing efficiency and providing more applications to the human race. As technology changes, history writes itself. At times there is ambiguity and lack of clarity of who is the father of such development. Ultimately, people live to embrace the cited growth in information technology. As is written today, technology is bound to change and so is the wireless technology. However, one thing remains; there is an origin of all the development and there is a reference point of how far people have reached.