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Established Workplace Safety and Health Standards

Safety National maintains a nationwide network of independent consultants that work with organizations to improve risk control and safety management programs. The organization provides specialized services such as ergonomics and industrial hygiene assessments to its clients. Its mandate is to provide other organizations with feedback regarding their risk levels and contingency management plans in case of the workplace and industrial accidents.

Discussion

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) created laws to protect American workers in their workplaces. The organization was formed to supervise employee safety in industries within the US. Safety National's Risk Control department works with policyholders to match specific needs and requests to the appropriate consultant who, in turn, provides high-level oversight of a proposed project (Ko, Mendeloff & Gray, 2010).

In order to secure and to strengthen its effectiveness, several laws were passed at both the stated and federal government levels. The laws drafted and passed by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration came about because until 1970, although certain industry-specific protections such as the coal mine health and Safety Act of 1969 existed, there was no national guarantee that workers throughout America would be protected from health hazards that were obvious in most workstations conditions (Mischke et al., 2012). Workers injured while working would just be laid off with minimum or no compensation from the employer. In that year, the Congress enacted a powerful and far-reaching law: the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act). The law intended to police industries to comply with certain safety standards (Mischke et al., 2012).

The outcomes of OSH law are well magnified because workers feel safe while employers factor in contingency plans in their production costs. Annual American workers' cases of injuries and illnesses have decreased by 65 percent since 1973. Unions, academia, employers, and private safety and health organizations nowadays pay a great more attention to worker protection than they did prior to the enactment of the landmark legislation (Mischke et al., 2012).

According to data from the Labor Bureau, at least 40 workers are killed every year because of falls from residential roofs. A third of those workers are Latino workers, who often lack access to safety information and protections. Latino workers comprise about a third of all workers in America. OSH Act comes to their rescue because the probability of getting hurt at work is at a bare minimum, and when they are injured, they are compensated (Hoff, 2012).

The laws assure safe and healthy working conditions for both male and female employees. They assist and encourage all the states in their efforts to assure safe and secure working conditions; by facilitating research, education, information, and training in the field of job-related safety and health (Ko, Mendeloff & Gray, 2010). According to Edwards (2012), the OSH laws were formed to:

  • Keep up a reporting and recordkeeping structure to supervise job-related injuries and health concerns.
  • Institute training curriculum to boost the proficiency of job-related safety and health persons
  • Aid the progress, examination, assessment, and authorization of national occupational safety and health agenda.
  • Build up an obligatory job protection and health standards and implement them efficiently.
  • Facilitate explorations in job-related safety and health to widen modern ways of handling occupational safety and health problems.
  • Give confidence to all industry owners and workers to mitigate workplace vulnerability and to boost health standards.
  • Create a "separate but dependent responsibilities and rights" for business owners and workers.

Conclusion

Under the act, employers are compelled to have safe and sheltered workplaces. Employers must assure that the set regulations within their workstations are in tandem with OSH Acts. Employees must be safe within the precincts of their place of work. Employers are mandated to implement and sustain optimum work environments. In case of accidents, the employer must be willing and able to compensate the employees.